This treaty, signed September 20–21 and October 30, 1697, brought an end to the Nine Years’ War (also known as the War of the Grand Alliance and War of the League of Augsburg, 1689-97) in which France (under Louis XIV) had opposed England (under William III) allied with the Hapsburg Holy Roman Empire (under Leopold I), Spain and the United Provinces of the Netherlands. Louis restored the lands France had conquered in the war but did however retain Strasbourg, the fortress town on the Franco-German frontier which he had arbitrarily seized in 1681. (Germany would eventually reclaim the town in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-71; France would reclaim it in …
Editors. "Treaty of Ryswick (Rijswijk)". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 June 2004; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1438, accessed 27 April 2015.]