Editors. "A French army tries to rescue the Pope". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14383, accessed 22 May 2013.]
A French army enters Italy to attempt to rescue the Pope, currently the prisoner of mutinous Imperial troops. Under the command of Vicomte de Lautrec, it first invades Milan and then turns south towards Rome.