Editors. "Genoa regains its independence as a republic". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14408, accessed 24 April 2014.]
Andrea Doria, acting in the service of the Holy Roman Emperor, enters Genoa. This city-state regains its independence as a republic, under the protection of the Emperor, in a form that is to last until 1796.