Pope Paul III establishes an Inquisition in Rome. This series of
tribunals, run by the cardinals. was responsible for prosecuting
people accused of various crimes, including the Protestant heresy
but also including blasphemy and witchcraft. It implemented a
ruthless regime of censorship, famously, for instance, condemning
Copernicus and Galileo, but only a very small proportion of the
cases tried in its courts actually ended in a death sentence.
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Editors. "Pope Paul III establishes the Inquisition in Rome". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14667, accessed 26 May 2017.]