Editors. "An English expedition to Scotland captures Leith and burns Edinburgh". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14699, accessed 13 December 2013.]
England sends a military and naval force over the border into Scotland, under the leadership of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, and John Dudley, Lord Lisle. The expedition proves successful for the English, who capture Leith and set fire to the city of Edinburgh.