Editors. "Anne Askew is burnt at Smithfield for denying transubstantiation". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14737, accessed 22 May 2013.]
Protestant believer and preacher Anne Askew is burnt at Smithfield for denying the doctrine of transubstantiation. She was brutally treated on the rack before her execution, the only woman on record in England as having been tortured before being burnt at the stake.