Editors. "Leaders of the Schmalkaldic League outlawed by the Empire". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14738, accessed 18 December 2014.]
John Frederick of Saxony and Philip, Landgrave of Hesse, leaders of the Schmalkaldic League, receive the ban of the Empire from Emperor Charles V.
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