Editors. "Battle of Xaquixaguana ends the separatist movement in Peru". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14787, accessed 09 December 2013.]
Gonzalo Pizarro (half-brother of the more eminent Francisco Pizarro) led a rebellion of conquistadors in Peru against the imposition by Viceroy Nunez of the 'New Laws' which granted some protection to the indigenous peoples. At the battle of Xaquixaguana, an army under the control of Pedro de la Gasca, who had been sent as an envoy from Spain to pacify the colony, defeats Gonzalo Pizarro, and ends the separatist movement.