Editors. "Charles V retires from Metz and returns to Brussels". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 November 2010
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14844, accessed 22 December 2013.]
Charles V and his army retreat from Metz and return to Brussels. In effect this is an admission of defeat on Charles' part, as it entails leaving Germany to its fate. As a result, the bishoprics of Metz, Toul and Verdun pass to the French Crown.