Editors. "Siena surrenders to Spain after a famine". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=14916, accessed 16 April 2014.]
The Spanish finally regain control of the Italian city of Siena, which has been in open revolt since 1552. However, an outbreak of famine forces it to surrender. Philip II subsequently sells the city to Cosimo de' Medici, ruler of Florence.