Editors. "Ivan IV of Russia gains Polotski from Poland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15019, accessed 18 April 2015.]
Ivan IV of Russia conquers Polotski in Eastern Livonia, which was part of Poland. As a result of this, intermittent warfare between the two countries continues to 1582.
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