Editors. "Valenciennes, hotbed of Calvinist disturbances, surrenders". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15058, accessed 22 May 2013.]
The Governor of Hainault suppresses a revolt of Calvinists protesting against religious persecution in Valenciennes, in the southern Netherlands. He inflicts savage punishment on the rebels.