Editors. "Lords of the Covenant rout Bothwell at the Battle of Carberry Hill". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15061, accessed 13 December 2013.]
Mary Queen of Scots' husband, the Earl of Bothwell, is defeated by Lords of the Covenant at the battle of Carberry Hill. While Bothwell escapes to Norway, Mary herself is taken captive and imprisoned in Lochleven Castle.