Editors. "William of Orange's defeat of the Spanish sparks the Dutch Revolt". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15074, accessed 13 December 2013.]
William the Silent, Prince of Orange, and an army of German mercenaries inflicts defeat on a Spanish force under Count Aremberg at the Battle of Heiligerlee. This marks the beginning of the Revolt of the Netherlands, which eventually led to the establishment of the independent Dutch Republic in 1581.