Editors. "Spanish plan an invasion of England". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15121, accessed 20 December 2013.]
Roberto Ridolfi leaves England to coordinate a Spanish invasion of England with the Duke of Alva, the Pope and Philip II. This plans to rescue Mary Queen of Scots, depose Elizabeth I and restore Catholicism. However, Alva, busy with his own challenges in the Netherlands, refuses to support such a plot unless it is begun by a successful rising of English rebels.