Editors. "The Duke of Alva asks Philip II to recall him from the Netherlands". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15162, accessed 12 December 2013.]
The Duke of Alva finds the Dutch rebels too strong for him, and is unable to advance his military campaign against them. In this situation of apparent failure, he asks Philip II to recall him from the Netherlands and replace him as Governor.