Editors. "England signs a commercial treaty with Turkey". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15258, accessed 20 December 2013.]
England signs a commercial treaty with the Ottoman Turks. Although this is controversial in that it cuts across hostile religious boundaries, it is less shocking than when Francis I had signed an offensive and defensive alliance with the Ottomans in 1535.