Editors. "Gebhard, Archbishop of Cologne, retires to Strasbourg". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15400, accessed 09 December 2013.]
The Cologne War ends in the defeat of Gebhard, Archbishop of Cologne. He had been deposed by Pope Gregory XIII in 1583 in response to his conversion to Calvinism, and fought to retain his archbishopric ever since. Now he retires to Strasbourg, giving up his struggle with the Papacy.