Passed by the House of Lords under Henry VIII, this Act (known as the ‘whip with six strings’ for its severity) outlined six spiritual conditions of practised religion in England and Wales. The first article asserted the Catholic principle of transubstantiation at mass; anyone refusing this was burnt as a heretic. Refusal to adopt the other five Articles was punished by hanging. Henry hated Luther and the emerging branches of Protestantism in Europe, and the Six Articles were fashioned to suppress Protestant worship.
Editors. "Six Articles". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 June 2005
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1566, accessed 23 April 2017.]