Editors. "The Duke of Savoy invades Lombardy". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15753, accessed 11 March 2014.]
On the death of the Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, his father-in-law Charles Emmanuel, Duke of Savoy, attempts to occupy his Montferrat lands and invades Lombardy with the support of Venice. However, the Savoyards are defeated by the Spanish Viceroy, the Marquis of Hinojosa, and France forces the Duke of Savoy to sign the Peace of Asti with Spain.