Editors. "The Duke of Osuna plunders Venice with Spanish agreement". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15796, accessed 17 April 2014.]
Philip III of Spain colludes in a raid on Venice by the Duke of Osuna. In fact, he is aided by Pedro de Toledo, Viceroy of Milan.