Editors. "Heidelberg surrenders to the imperialists". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=15893, accessed 24 May 2015.]
In the Thirty Years War, the German city of Heidelberg is forced to surrender to the Imperial army. James I sends diplomat Endymion Porter to Spain, with the aim of encouraging Philip IV to persuade Emperor Ferdinand II that Heidelberg should be restored to the Elector Palatine within 70 days, but this mission achieves nothing.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.