Editors. "Fighting at Manchester claims the civil war's first life". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16193, accessed 06 December 2013.]
Lord Strange, fighting for the Royalist cause, reaches Manchester. The ensuing fighting that breaks out against the Parliamentarians claims the first fatal victim of the English civil war.