The House of Lords rejects the Self-Denying Ordinance, which aims to exclude members of both Commons and Lords from military office in order to make way for more radical un-aristocratic Parliamentarian commanders. Despite this, the Commons immediately appoints Sir Thomas Fairfax as Commander in-Chief, replacing the Earl of Essex.
Editors. "Lords reject Self-Denying Ordinance". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 February 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16239, accessed 12 December 2013.]