Editors. "Duke of Orleans joins French rebels". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16354, accessed 09 December 2013.]
On hearing the news of Louis XIV's recall of Cardinal Jules Mazarin to government, the Duke of Orleans joins the rebels. However, the impact of his defection is lessened by Turenne's return to royal service.