Editors. "Empire and Spain join Dutch-Swedish alliance of against France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=16729, accessed 06 February 2016.]
The League of the Hague is formed, when Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and Charles II of Spain join a Dutch-Swedish alliance of September 1681 against France.
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