Editors. "Act for the attainder of the Pretender against 'James III'". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17004, accessed 20 May 2013.]
The English Parliament passes an Act for the attainder of the Pretender. This is a response to the recent death of James II, and Louis XIV's public recognition of his son, James Edward, as King of England and Scotland.