(10 Geo IV. c. 7) Formally called An Act for the Emancipation of His Majesty’s Catholic Subjects removed restraints placed on Catholics by the Test Act (1673) and Corporation Act (1661). Catholics were allowed to serve as members of corporations and parliament. The cause of the Act was the effective exclusion of the majority of Irish citizens from political participation, an exclusion thrown into relief by the election of the catholic Daniel O’ Connell in a by-election in County Clare. The Tory government under Peel realised that the only way to contain the Irish problem was to enable their representation in the London parliament, a view not shared by many Tories, nor by the King. Tory disunion would lead to their …
Editors. "Catholic Emancipation Act". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 16 February 2005; last revised 30 November -1.
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=171, accessed 19 April 2015.]