Editors. "Charles III enters Madrid but soon retires to Catalonia". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17108, accessed 12 December 2013.]
Charles III, Archduke of Austria, and the Allies' favoured candidate for the Spanish throne, enters Madrid but is soon forced to retire to Catalonia.