Editors. "Charles XII of Sweden is taken prisoner by the Turkish Sultan". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17145, accessed 05 December 2013.]
Charles XII of Sweden, who has been encamped since 1709 at Bender in Moldavia (the part of the Ottoman Empire), is taken prisoner by the Sultan, and held captive until September the following year.