Editors. "James III the Pretender returns to France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17184, accessed 01 July 2015.]
James Edward Stuart, the 'Old Pretender', lands in France after having left Britain. After the failure of the attempted Jacobite restoration of the previous year, he dismisses Lord Bolingbroke from his service.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.