Editors. "James III the Pretender returns to France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17184, accessed 20 April 2014.]
James Edward Stuart, the 'Old Pretender', lands in France after having left Britain. After the failure of the attempted Jacobite restoration of the previous year, he dismisses Lord Bolingbroke from his service.