Editors. "Treaty of Constantinople between Russia and Turkey". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17286, accessed 22 December 2013.]
The Russian and Ottoman Empires sign the Treaty of Constantinople, dividing Persian territories between them. The intervention of France averts a war over this issue, producing a treaty that gives lands east of the Rivers Kurosh and Aras to Russia, and lands west of this point to the Ottomans.