Editors. "Voltaire is banished from France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17309, accessed 05 December 2013.]
French writer and philosophe Voltaire is threatened with a lettre de cachet, purchased from King Louis XV by a noble family he had insulted. He proposes to substitute a potentially indefinite imprisonment in the Bastille with self-imposed exile to England, where he stays for the next three years.