Editors. "Spanish lay siege to Gibraltar". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17310, accessed 29 May 2015.]
Without a formal declaration, war begins between Britain and Spain, sparked by the latter's siege of Gibraltar. Spain issues commissions for attacks against British islands and against British shipping.
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