Editors. "France concludes a secret treaty with Prussia". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17422, accessed 19 December 2013.]
France signs a secret treaty with Prussia. According to its terms, on the death of Elector Palatine Charles Philip, the duchies of Jülich-Berg are to be shared between the Sulzbach line and Prussia. In this document, therefore, France contradicts the secret agreement made with the Empire three months previously.