Editors. "Charles Edward Stuart defeats English army at Prestonpans". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17522, accessed 21 December 2013.]
Charles Edward Stuart, leader and figurehead of the Jacobites, defeats an English army under General Cope at the Battle of Prestonpans.