Editors. "Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender, escapes to France". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 01 April 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17546, accessed 10 December 2013.]
Charles Edward Stuart ('the Young Pretender'), figurehead of the Jacobites, flees after the failure of the rebellion aimed at placing him on the British throne. With the help of Flora MacDonald, he escapes from Scotland to France.