Editors. "British capitulate to French at Klosterzeven". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17713, accessed 24 April 2014.]
At Klosterzeven in Lower Saxony, the British forces under the Duke of Cumberland surrender to Richelieu, the new French commander, and give up Hanover and Brunswick to French occupation. When Cumberland returns to Britain, he is disgraced by his father George II, who replaces him with Ferdinand of Brunswick and refuses to ratify the Convention of Klosterzeven.