Editors. "Ferdinand VII of Spain begins a reign of tyranny". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17845, accessed 21 April 2014.]
Ferdinand VII of Spain has been restored by the French invaders, who have crushed the Spanish rebellion. He now issues a decree for the execution of his enemies, and a reign of tyranny begins that shocks even those who helped to restore him to the throne.