Editors. "Battle of Junin: Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish forces". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17854, accessed 19 December 2013.]
At the Battle of Junin in Peru, Simon Bolivar defeats the Spanish American Royalist forces. This victory lifts the morale of the independence fighters, and as their first military victory in Peru, marks an important step on their campaign to national independence.