Editors. "Britain, France, Spain and Portugal ally in support of liberal constitutions". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=17999, accessed 29 May 2015.]
A Quadruple Alliance is formed of Britain, France, Spain and Portugal, who ally in support of liberal constitutions in the Iberian Peninsula. In Portugal, Dom Miguel, uncle to the rightful Queen Maria II, is attempting to cling on to power.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.