Editors. "Austrians are defeated at Pastrengo". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18149, accessed 13 December 2013.]
In the course of the first Italian War of Independence, the Piedmontese defeat the Austrian army at the Battle of Pastrengo and General Radetzky is forced to retreat.