Editors. "German National Assembly thinks Frederick William IV refuses the crown". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18203, accessed 09 December 2013.]
Frederick William IV has been elected 'Emperor of the Germans'. He is unwilling to take the crown through popular vote, instead wishing to receive it from the German Princes, and the German National Assembly take his uncertain reply as a refusal.