Editors. "Battle of Alma: British and French troops are victorious". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18307, accessed 13 December 2013.]
At the Battle of the Alma, the first direct confrontation of the Crimean War, a joint British and French force defeat the Russian army but do not press their advantage to its conclusion.