Editors. "The South African Republic (Transvaal) is organised". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18337, accessed 16 April 2014.]
The South African Republic, known as the Transvaal Republic for being north of the Vaal River, is established as an indepedent Boer-run state, under the leadership of Marthinius Pretorius.