British, French and Dutch fleets attack Japan in Shimonoseki Straits

(43 words)
  • Editors

Historical Context Note

After Japan has closed its ports and expelled foreigners, British, French and Dutch fleets respond by attacking the Shimonoseki Straits. A truce on 14th September is followed by a peace convention on 22nd October, when Japan agrees to pay an indemnity of $3 million.
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Editors. "British, French and Dutch fleets attack Japan in Shimonoseki Straits". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[, accessed 25 November 2015.]