Editors. "British, French and Dutch fleets attack Japan in Shimonoseki Straits". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18480, accessed 21 November 2014.]
After Japan has closed its ports and expelled foreigners, British, French and Dutch fleets respond by attacking the Shimonoseki Straits. A truce on 14th September is followed by a peace convention on 22nd October, when Japan agrees to pay an indemnity of $3 million.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.