Editors. "Abortive Fenian risings in Ireland". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18531, accessed 09 December 2013.]
In Ireland, Fenian risings break out in the north and west of the country, organised by the Irish Republican Brotherhood, but it soon peters out and most of its leaders are arrested, although none are executed.