Editors. "Bismarck begins struggle with Catholic Church". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18607, accessed 22 August 2014.]
In Germany, a Kulturkampf (cultural struggle) between the Prussian government and the Catholic Church begins, when Otto von Bismarck suppresses the Roman Catholic Department for spiritual affairs.
Please log in to consult the article in its entirety. If you are not a subscriber, please click here to read about membership. All our articles have been written recently by experts in their field, more than 95% of them university professors.