Editors. "Britain decides to send fleet to Constantinople". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 30 December 2011
[http://www.litencyc.com/php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=18756, accessed 07 October 2015.]
Britain decides to send a fleet to Constantinople, but under pressure from the Russians, the Ottoman Sultan refuses it permission to enter the Straits. Nonetheless, the fleet arrives on 15th August.