Church of Scotland founded (209 words)

Historical Context Note

  • Editors


The church of Scotland followed the church of England and broke from Roman rule in August 1560. One catalyst of this change was the Scottish shift in allegiance from France to England in the late 1550s, bringing the church into line with the sympathies and theological viewpoint of Elizabeth I who had reclaimed headship of the church of England shortly after inheriting the throne. A treaty between France and England in 1560 secured the independence of the Scottish church, and Protestants representing the Scottish Estates were invited to present their faith to parliament in a statute known as The Scots’ Confession. This movement was led by John Knox (1514-72), a Protestant preacher who retreated to Scotland after being barred from …

Editors. "Church of Scotland founded". The Literary Encyclopedia. First published 17 June 2005
[, accessed 28 March 2017.]

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